TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
2.0 Literature Review
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
In Nigeria many housing projects are either uncompleted or out rightly abandoned. The study investigated possible causes of project abandonment, its impact on the immediate community, contribution to infrastructural decadence and environmental pollution. Information was collated through personal interview, questionnaire administration, and review of existing literature and journals which formed the data base. While the data analysis showed that nonfunctional Government policies, defective procurement procedures, incompetent contractors, defective design and so on contributed significantly to project abandonment. It was concluded that non-utilization of competent consultants and contractors, inconsistencies in Government policies, poor location of infrastructural facilities, defective cash flow and lack of adequate control in monitoring resources accounts for thousands of abandoned projects in Oshodi Lagos state.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Abandoned projects and construction failure including construction projects and other civil engineering infrastructure development project like houses, churches, schools, roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, air port, sea port etc. litter the whole Nigeria. Osemenan (1987) reported that Nigeria has become the “world’s junk-yard of abandoned and failed projects worth billions of naira and it is greatly unthinkable that Nigeria blessed with so great potentials in the construction projects and construction industry can experience such magnitude of project failure and abandonment. According to another report by Kotangora (1993) there are about 4000 uncompleted or abandoned project belonging to the Federal Government of Nigeria with an estimated cost of above N 300 billion which will take 30 years to complete at the present execution capacity of government, also according to him this issue of abandonment and construction project failure is been left without adequate attention for too long which is now having a multiplier effect on the construction industry in particular and the national economy as a whole.The construction projects and construction industry plays a very dominant role in the economy of any nation. A healthy economy usually experience an increase in construction projects and construction activities, but in a depressed economy, the incidence of project abandonment and construction failures tends to be more prevalent.Akindoyeni (1989) qualitatively reasoned that some of the causes of project abandonment and construction failure in Nigeria are deaths of client, inability of client to attract fund and lack of good planning.
The abandonment of development projects is the act of discontinuing any activities or maintenance works on suchdevelopment project within a time frame of the contract agreement and with no intention of returning back to thedevelopment (Spelman, 1993). Similarly, O’Flaherty (1993) while reflecting on property development projects suggest thatit is when an owner or developer is ceasing to provide the required maintenance management to a developed property. There could also be construction failure due to improper planning.
However, real property development projects being a capital intensive undertaking should be critically analyzed toascertain its feasibility and viability before embarking on it. But, on several occasions and as it had been observed,governments, contractors and agencies have abandoned development projects mid-way into construction and completion.
The causes and effects of these development projects abandonments and construction failure are not just peculiar to a particular reasonrather cut across several reasons (Ayodele and Alabi, 2011), and as well as creating a total dwindling effects on the valuesof developed properties located close and within the vicinity. The expected prominence of any earmarked developmentprojects is to be completed, while at the same time, adding values to the built environment aesthetics. Although,development projects are temporary endeavors undertaken to create a unique product and services with a defined beginningand ending date (Gardner, 2005). The accomplishment of such purposes should be realized at all times otherwise needlessof such development (Gardner, 2005). The development projects specific in the study framework is infrastructural projects(such as; house, electricity, road, schools, and drainage). However, the study purpose is to investigate and assess the causes and effects of development projectsabandonment and construction failure in Nigeria.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The unceasing abandonment and failure of development projects is so shocking in the developing countries such thatNigerian has remained one of the countries in such difficulty (Ayodele and Alabi, 2011; Kotangora, 1993; Osemenan,1987). Therefore, the significance that the incessant abandonment of projects and construction failure would bring several effects on the aesthetics of the environment, real propertiesand its values and the economy cannot be overemphasized since some of the development projects provide the basic services that should meet the needs of the people. However, this study will examine the causes of construction project failure and abandonments in Nigeria.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The following are the objectives of this study:
- To examine the causes of construction project failure and abandonments in Nigeria.
- To examine the effect of construction project failure and abandonments in Nigeria.
- To determine the solution to the problem of construction project failure and abandonments in Nigeria.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What are the causes of construction project failure and abandonments in Oshodi Lagos state?
- What is the effect of construction project failure and abandonments in Oshodi Lagos state, Nigeria?
- What is the solution to the problem of construction project failure and abandonments in Nigeria?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
H0: construction project failure and abandonments does not have any effect in Nigeria Housing system
H1: construction project failure and abandonments does have an effect in Nigeria Housing system
H0: there is no relationship between construction project failure and project abandonments
H2: there is a relationship between construction project failure and project abandonments
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The following are the significance of this study:
- This study will educate the general public and the experts in the construction projects industry on the causes of construction project failure and abandonments in Nigeria with a view of proffering solution to the problem.
- This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.
1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This study on causes of construction project failure and abandonments in Nigeria will cover the issues of abandoned projects, failed project and all other abandoned infrastructural facilities.
LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.