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CONFERENCE CONTROL SYSTEM BASED ON GESTURE RECOGNITION


ABSTRACT

This study is on Conference control system based on gesture recognition, this study was developed to bridge the geographical distance between two or more organization. Other importance of conference includes: (i) For organizations, delivery costs are reduced with resultant cost benefit in terms of time, travelling and spread of resources over large groups. (ii) Delivery of full courses, lessons, tutoring, project work and training can be provided to the students through teleconferencing. The study outlines the main concepts of the analysis and design methodology of the proposed system, compares it to the existing and goes further to explain the design and implementation of the system. System was achieved using The program will be written in high-level Python programming language which provides easy syntax that allow quick coding in fewer steps to complete certain statement and function compared to Java or C++. Besides, Python also provides various standard libraries which enable the execution of complex functionalities easily. The fact finding techniques employed is interview, observation, online and library research.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background To The Study

Gesture recognition is an important sub-domain in the area of Computer Vision, which deserves a critical role in machine learning and computer vision applications . Presently, many of the artificial intelligence applications are based on gesture recognition. Gesture is described as the motion of human actions mostly analyzed the movement of hand, finger and face. Gesture recognition is defined as the interpretation of human gestures with machine through appropriate mathematical algorithms Gesture recognition has prominent features and strategies relevant to improve the quality of artificial intelligence, computer vision, image and video processing and machine learning for routine applications. This study is on Conference control system based on gesture recognition

Conference is important in any organisation. No one person has the experience,  resources or knowledge to make all the decisions required to accomplish many  tasks alone (Nunamaker et al. 1997).  Apart from decision making, conference are  necessary in organisations for a wide variety of purposes, such as sharing  information, problem solving, idea generation and organisation, drafting policies  and strategies, building and sharing organisational vision, building consensus,  managing change, producing reports and accepting reports (Nunamaker et al.  1991; Romano & Nunamaker 2001).

Conferences support many key business processes of relevance to the public sector  and private sector alike including strategic planning, business planning, project  management, change management, knowledge management, team building and cohesion, and leadership development to name but a few.

Conferences are costly and time consuming.  Romano & Nunamaker (2001) concluded  that several decades of research on conferences in organisations confirmed that  conferences are very expensive both in terms of time and financial cost.  They also  found that, while conferences are essential to many tasks in organisations that cannot be carried out by individuals, most conferences are actually low in productivity,  wasteful of resources and often leave participants feeling dissatisfied.  Fjermestad  & Hiltz (2001) also found that many conferences are inefficient and may be  ineffective, and participants are often left with little satisfaction about the process,  outcome or participation. Technology has supported conferences for many years.  Lind et al. (2006) outline  some key types of conference technology. These are presented generally in time order  of development, commencing with non-computer technology such as flip charts  and overhead projectors, which support one way communication to small or  medium groups.

One way or “one to all” communication to medium to large  groups is supported through Powerpoint and video projector computer technology  for presentations. Video or teleconferencing allow two way (all to all) connection  of small remote groups via voice using telephone and/or computer technology.   Keypad polling systems provide all to all communication for polling only.  Laptop  PC “groupware” systems allow all to all dialogue for large groups and polling on  preset questions.  Laptop PC groupware systems have been used for twenty years  for large group conferences Lind et al. (2006)

Electronic conference systems (EMS) were developed to make group conferences more effective, efficient and satisfying by using computer technology (Nunamaker et al.  1991; Pervan et al. 2004; Rains 2007).  EMS have been in existence for over two decades, yet their adoption in most  organisations has been limited (Pervan et al. 2004; Bandyopadhyay and Paul 2007;  Lewis et al. 2007).

Statement of the Problem

There are more online conferences than ever before. The average employee meets 8 times per week. For executives in high-tech industries that number shoots up to 17 online conferences a week.

A collaborative, connected workforce is fuelling rapid growth in virtual conference meetings. More than one-third of all conferences are now teleconferences. Participants can attend from remote offices, the road, or anywhere with internet connectivity.

However, Many web conferencing tools do not meet the requirements of an agile workforce. ‍Ovum (2010) found that 30% of sales professionals believe that their web conferencing tools are hindering sales, not helping them.‍67% of employees report that more than half of the virtual conferences they attend are not of value. The key reasons are recognition issues.This leads to an unacceptable number of meetings that are perceived to have no value.

Aims and Objectives

The major objective of this work is to develop a Conference control system based on gesture recognition

This study aims to investigate:

  • To examine the nature of conferencing and components of various conference control system
  • To examine whether using automated conferencing system does improve on efficiency and effectiveness aas they were designed to do
  • To design a system that bring about  improvements in conferences  and group collaboration
  • To implement a system that will tackle the issues of recognition in virtual conferences.

 

Research Questions

  • What are the nature of conferencing and components of various conference control system ?
  • Do automated conferencing system does improve on efficiency and effectiveness aas they were designed to do?
  • Will the system bring about  improvements in conferences  and group collaboration?
  • Will the system implement tackle the issues of recognition in virtual conferences?

Significance of the project

The need for a teleconference system is obvious for several reasons as shown below:

  • It Impacts on education by allowing live participation without physically being present for a lecture
  • Press  men can attained international conferences without having to be physically present
  • It makes the best use of the available resources by expanding the learning opportunity and taking the resources to the learners.
  • Training is of high quality and consistent. There is exposure to multiple perspectives from the primary sources, and therefore as the input from the resource persons is direct, there is little loss of quality in
  • There is greater appeal, motivation and retention of information as a variety of teaching methodologies are

Scope of the Project

In this research paper, we propose a new architecture that allows the user, government agency or an organisation apply our proposed architecture to help improve security in the entire conferencing solution. In the proposed solution architecture, Phython as a programming language was used.

The scope of this work will include the following

  1. A dynamic Network system that can communicate in real time
  2. To be able to implement a video streaming server.
  3. Explore the power of visual basic in data handling

Limitations of the Study

Financial Constraints: The researcher was with limited funds and cannot visit all the areas to get responses from respondents but was able to get good information concerning the research topic.

Time Constraints: The researcher was involved in other departmental activities like seminars, attendance of lectures et.c which limited the time for the research but the researcher was able to meet up with the time assigned for the completion of the research work.

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Author: SPROJECT NG