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Bank Name: FCMB Bank

Account Type: Savings
Account number: 7749601025

Bank Name: Access Bank

Account Type: Current
Account number: 0107807602



This project work was carried on the isolation and characterization of pathogenic bacteria from hawked suya meat. Suya meat were bought from the sellers and was collected in raps of aluminum foil. It was then taken to the laboratory for analysis. The sample was homogenized then pipette using 5ml sterile pipette and test tube. The dilution were then cultured on different media, MacConkey agar, Nutrient agar and blood agar then incubated at 370C  for 24 hours. Discrete bacteria colonies were observed and each colony was gram-stained and examined microscopically. Biochemical test were carried out to confirm the particular bacteria present. Bacteria isolated were Staphylococcus aureus 32.4%, Bacillus subtilis 51.9%, and Escherichia coli 15.6%. This microorganisms isolated from contaminated suya meat are capable of causing illness. For instance Staphylococcu aureus produce air exo-toxin and can withstand temperature of 1000C for 30 minutes, when ingested, it causes intoxication manifesting in 4 – 5 hours with acute diarrhea, vomiting and gastroenteritis lasting 6 – 8 hours.



Meat is the flesh of animals which serves as food, it is obtained from sheep, cattle, goat and swine (Haman, 2002) meat is a major sources of protein and an important source of vitamins for most people in many parts of the world, thus they are essential for the growth, repair and maintenance of body cells which is necessary for our every day activities.

Meat could be traced back to human history,  when primitive men use raw flesh of dead animals. But as man develop, he domesticated wild animals. Beef have been the major supply of meat in Nigeria as a result of extensive and semi-intensive cattle production system in Nigeria by Fulani and Hausa people of the northern Nigeria (Umoh, 2004).

Suya meat is a boneless lean meat of mutton, beef, goat or chicken meat staked on sticks, coated with sauces, oiled and then roasted over wood using fire from charcoal. It is a traditionally processed meat product and is usually not done with strict hygiene condition because they are still done locally. This is served hot and sold along streets, at clubs, picnics centers, and restaurants and within institutions. Suya meat is one of the intermediate moisture products that are easy to prepare and highly relished.

Due to the chemical composition and characteristics, meat are highly perishable foods which provide an excellent medium for growth of many hazardous microorganisms that can cause infection in human and also lead to meat spoilage and economic loss. The most important bacterial meat spoilage is caused by lactic acid bacterial which is physiologically related group of fastidious and ubiquitous gram-positive organisms. These include many species such as lactobacillus, leuconostoc, pediococcus and streptococcus. Since meat has a high nutritive valve, microorganisms could easily grow on it. The possible sources of contamination are through slaughtering of sick animals, washing the meat with dirty water, handling by butchers, contamination by flies, processing close to sewage or refuse dumps environment, spices, transportation and use of contaminated equipment such as knife and other utensils (Igyor and Uma, 2005).

The slaughtering process affords extensive contamination of sterile tissue with gram-negative enteric bacteria from animal intestine including salmonella species and Escherichia coli as well as contaminant such as gram – positive lactic cocci associated with humans, animals and the environment. Enterococci and clostridia have been isolated from lymph node of red animals (Lawries, 2006).

Microorganisms grow on meat causing visual, textural and organoleptic changes when they release metabolite they includes Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium perfringens, Bacillus cereus, Streptococcus pyogenes. (John et al, 2001).

The microbial load in meat and meat product increases as long as growth conditions are favourable. The factor influencing microbial growth includes acidity, pH, temperature, water activity, Gaseous requirement, nutrient and competition of microbes for the nutrient. Controlling these factors implies maintaining long shelf life of meat and meat product but proper preservation of meat could be achieved by the combination of two or more preservation method which includes drying, salting and high temperature (Nester et al. 2001).



This project research is designed

  1. To isolate and identify the common spoilage organisms of suya meat often produced.
  2. To establish the public health implication of consumption of suya meat
  • To offer useful information where necessary to the consuming public.



Ho: Hawked suya meat sold around Enugu metropolis contain pathogenic microorganisms.

Hi: Hawked suya meat sold around Enugu metropolis that does not contain pathogenic microorganisms.

Hii: Hawked suya Meat sold around Enugu Metropolis contain microorganisms but the load is not enough to cause disease.



The significance of this work is to enable those producers to improve the hygiene of the food (suya meat) and a good knowledge of safe food handling practice, suitable protective clothing to be worn and it will also enable us to be aware of various pathogenic and infection they transmit through food (suya meat). As a result of this, the prevention of contamination of food is to be adhered to. This can be achieved by;

  • Keeping high risk food at temperature that will inhibit the growth of bacteria
  • Ensuring that during preparation, food is in the danger zone for as short time as possible.
  • Using suitable preservatives such as salt.
  • Using various packing method like glass wares.



Pathogenic organisms are organisms that are referred to as specific health hazards associated with gastrointestinal disturbance counting foxiness. The victim suffering from abdominal pain and diarrhea with more vomiting thus diarrhea usually manifest the illness which when untreated, in some cases where it does not result to death, it leads to unnecessary expenses in seeking for medical advice. This has now made interest on how we can improve on our food hygiene to avoid contamination.