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THE NEED FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT SERVICE IN BORNO STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF MAFONI LIBERTY SECONDARY SCHOOL, MAIDUGURI)


TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Approval page

Dedication

Acknowledgment

Abstract

Table of content

CHAPETR ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION 

1.1        Background of the study

1.2        Statement of problem

1.3        Objective of the study

1.4        Research Hypotheses

1.5        Significance of the study

1.6        Scope and limitation of the study

1.7       Definition of terms

1.8       Organization of the study

CHAPETR TWO

2.0   LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPETR THREE

3.0        Research methodology

3.1    sources of data collection

3.3        Population of the study

3.4        Sampling and sampling distribution

3.5        Validation of research instrument

3.6        Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1 Introductions

4.2 Data analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendation

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background of the study

The Boko Haram insurgency first appeared in Maiduguri in Borno State, northeast Nigeria around 2002. The group’s objective was to establish an Islamic state and institutionalize Sharia law in Nigeria, particularly the northeast region. Boko Haram activities in the northeast of Nigeria have created a serious security threat to Nigeria and its neighbors in the Lake Chad region. The group engaged in guerrilla warfare using indiscriminate attacks on civilians, and military forces. Despite efforts by the Nigerian government to combat the group, Boko Haram’s activities continue to spread across the region. The situation has not only rendered the state helpless but has succeeded in creating a psychological effect on the victims. The lives and properties of individuals has been destroyed following the crisis in Borno state. The effects has been economic, political, social and more frustrating is the psychological effects of this insurgency.

Several conflicting relations in the past in which many people were killed and many still rendered refugees and internally displaced persons in Nigeria were informed by the social complexities of the people in the country, defined by ethnic and cultural identities principally such as ethnicity and religion (Lenshie, 2014). The worsening of social security conditions of the people was adduced for such crisis at that time (Ibeanu, 2015). Contemporary worsening social security conditions reflect the future, which Ibeanu (2015:50) pointed to the responsible factor in the radicalization of the people along ethnic and religious fault lines as the reason for population displacement in Nigeria.

Forced displacement has been on the increase worldwide. In Nigeria, particularly since the implementation of the Sharia law in most parts of the Northern Nigeria, considerable violence, rendering many killed and homeless, degenerated into the coming into being the Boko Haram Islamists. Boko Haram Islamists has produced different effects on different people and the social, political and economic affairs of the country. The insurgency carried by the sect in the Northeast account for over 90 percent of the IDPs, with less than 10 percent caused by natural disasters in Nigeria. This situation stemmed from the insurgency carried by the Boko Haram sect that led to the rising number of deaths of innocent citizens, security officials and insurgents in the States of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe (Ibeanu, 2015) and rendering others refugees in foreign countries of Cameroun, Chad, and Niger republics.

The social conditions of the IDPs in the various parts of the country, particularly in the Northeast Nigeria have been alarming, running from insecurity to insecurity, which presents a situation of double jeopardy. The security challenges faced by the IDPs in the various camps and out of camps include, among others psychological trauma of loss families, friends and properties, and the challenge associated with the responsibility to protect themselves in their various camps, and, above all, the challenge of humanitarian response in line with the Kampala Convention in the region. It is in this context, this essay interrogates the humanitarian response to IDPs and the social, political and economic dynamics there from in Nigeria.

1.2   Statement of the Problem

The emergence of the Boko Haram Insurgency in northeast Nigeria especially in Borno state created a security vacuum within the region. The threat of the group to Nigeria, its neighbors and the international community cannot be ignored. The group has engaged in guerrilla warfare against the Nigerian government and its citizens for the last decade. Living conditions in the region have been degraded, life and properties have been destroyed, and an increasing refugee crisis across the region calls for action. Despite efforts by the Nigerian government and its partners to combat the Boko Haram insurgency, the group continues to pose a threat and challenge to the government of Nigeria and its partners. The security situation in the region has deteriorated, and the territorial integrity of Nigeria is being undermined. The result of this situation in general is the psychological effect it has on its victims. Most of the victims are children, women and men. The children are the most affected because the psychological trauma they experience affects their lifestyle, their reactions to life challenges and in entirety, their attitude to learning and life.

1.3   Objectives of the study

The following forms the focus of this study:

  • To ascertain the need for psychological support in Borno state secondary schools.
  • To determine the impact of psychological support.
  • To highlight ways through which psychological support can be achieved in Borno state secondary schools.

1.4   Research hypotheses

The study has the following hypotheses:

H0: there is no significant need for psychological support for Borno state secondary schools.

H0: there is no significant impact of psychological support for Borno state secondary schools.

H0: psychological support cannot be achieved in Borno state secondary schools.

1.5   Significance of the Study

The study on the need for psychological support for will aid, if applied, to rehabilitate the mental and psychological state of the victims of the Borno state crisis. It will serve as a reference material to other works on psychological support in the state. Finally, the study is a contribution to academics.

1.6   Scope and limitation of the study

This research work integrates the studies on the Borno state insurgency and psychological support. It is limited to Borno state secondary schools but its findings can be applied to other similar situations.

1.7   Definition of terms

Psychological: of, affecting, or arising in the mind; related to the mental and emotional state of a person.

Insurgency: a condition of revolt against a government that is less than an organized revolution and that is not recognized as belligerency

School: an institution for educating children, any institution at which instruction is given in a particular discipline.

1.8   Organization of the study

The study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one deals with the study’s introduction and gives a background to the study. Chapter two reviews related and relevant literature. The chapter three gives the research methodology while the chapter four gives the study’s analysis and interpretation of data. The study concludes with chapter five which deals on the summary, conclusion and recommendation.

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Author: SPROJECT NG