This study is on the time management as a tool for higher productivity in an organization. The total population for the study is 200 staff of seven up bottling company plc, Kaduna state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made plant managers, trade managers, mechanical technicians and utility technicians were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
1.1Background of the study
The management of time is an issue which is fundamental to job performance. In the past, attention to the relationship between time and job performance was restricted to manual workers and then, by means of organization and methods to clerical workers. The consideration of time utilization for managerial and professional grades has not received much attention until recently current approaches are based on the assumption that personal effectiveness at work is primarily a function of the individual management of his or her time. For productivity to be high, the judicious time usage is very important, without the proper usage of time, there will be lower productivity within an organization. As a manager in an organization one must be very conscious on the use of time, for poor utilization of time will affect the entire organization’s output. If a manager makes use of his time effectively and efficiently, the organization will be in a path to growth and development. The subordinates will also be motivated to put in their best for the organization, been that the manager has perfectly demonstrated to them the importance of time utilization. If there is no time target on a particular task, productivity will be low, which is going to adversely affect the organization negatively.
1.2 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Seven up Bottling company Plc (S.B.C.) one of the country’s leading carbonate soft drinks manufacturer was founded by Mr. Mohel-Khul, a Lebanese in 1959 after obtaining a fracture from seven-up international Inc, London to Bottle seven-up product in Nigeria. It commences operation in October 1st 1960 which coincides with Nigeria’s Independence Day with just a plant of Ijora Lagos (Now the administrative head office of the company). Records shows that on the first day of its product lunch, 576 create of seven-up flavor were produced and a total of 14 creates sold, but it did not put the company in Guinness book of world records, but it was a significant accomplishment for the company. The company was quoted in Nigeria stock exchange and went public in 1984. The company through hard work and determination was able to expand and it’s plant and distribution network to all parts of the country. The boom of the organization started. In the early 80’s with the opening of Ibadan Plant in 1980, Ikeja plant in 1981, Kano plant in 1983 and Aba plant was opened in 1989. The acquisition of John Holt soft drinks brought Kaduna plant to being in 1985. Illori plant was opened in 1989, Benin plant was also opened in 1993, Enugu Plant was also opened in 2002 while Abuja Plant came on board in April 2005. The land Mark acquisition of seven up international inc cork Ireland Pepsi cola international Ireland in 1980’s and the realization of Pepsi international of the superlative performance of seven up bottling company Plc in Nigeria, led the beverages giant (Pepsi co) to enter a deal with the management of seven up bottling company Plc to acquire all Pepsi cola companies in Nigeria so as to give a push to the range of Pepsi product in Nigeria market. Before this time, seven up bottling company plc was only selling two products, 7up and orange crush a product fracture from Cadbury international inc. today, seven up bottling company plc is the sole producer of these brand 7up, Pepsi, cola, Pepsi blue spice, Mirinda orange, Team lemonade, Mirinda Tonic, Mirinda Soda, Mirinda Fruity, Mirinda Lemon and Mirinda Pineapple, and all fractuse of Pepsi international inc. orange crush was later sold to Nigerian breweries Plc. In 1997 with the understanding of its fractuse owner Cadbury international
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Despite the importance of time in the provision of goods and services in an organization, not much attention seems to have been paid to it. In Nigeria, workers are not time conscious and such duties or task are not being discharged as at when needed, with regards to this, productivity turns out to be low, due to delay in performances of various task. Due to poor output, most organization’s objectives are designed to provide satisfaction to customers’ needs. However, these are the developments that prompt the researcher to identify the following problems in the course of this study.
- There is the existence of ignorance on the part of management in regards to the scope and specific use of time saving formalities.
- Where such skills exist, the level of utilization is too marginal.
- Also lack of prior training of managers and supervisors in the schedule of study, delegating duties when possible to enhance output at the end of the day is another cause of concern
1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The major objective of this research is to examine the effect of time management on the production of goods and services, as well as, to determine the lessons, learnt from the results data collected through this research. However, in specification, the study is to address the following issues
- To find out the time-consciousness of the staffs in relations to their productivity.
- To assess the effects of time management on productivity in an organization.
- To ascertain the relationship between time management and organizational productivity
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no time-consciousness of the staffs in relations to their productivity.
H1: there is time-consciousness of the staffs in relations to their productivity
H02: there is no relationship between time management and organizational productivity
H2: there is relationship between time management and organizational productivity
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Considering the importance of time management in the attainment of set goals by organizations, it is hoped that the findings of this study would be beneficial to policy makers and future researcher.
- Policy Makers: This study is expected to provide adequate information needed by policy makers to formulate policies as to time saving methods and how they can utilize them to enhance productivity.
- Future Researcher: Future researcher will find this project work useful and interesting when making research on a related topic or when there is need for review on this particular topic. Thus project work will serve as a foundation that will ease further research.
1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study covers the effects and problems of time management in seven-up (7up) Bottling Company, Kaduna Plc center as a case study. In the course of this study 7up Bottling Company Kaduna branch with a large number of staffs would be utilized to solicit interaction on whether or not the organization is aware of the services of time management, and the application effect of time management in enhancing productivity.
This study and timing dates back from 2008 to 2011, of the seven up plant of Kaduna branch, in which the researcher lays emphasis on. This entire study covers the seven-up plant of Kaduna branch as the area of this study. One of the major constraints faced by the researcher at the process of this study is inappropriate information on the side of the management. Sometimes the researcher goes to the Company without getting much response from the management, due to some obstacles such as time limit; this hinders the researcher from getting proper information for this study.
Confidentiality on the side of the company’s information is a challenge also faced by the researcher during the course of this explore. The cost incurred in times of transportation down to the factory, is another major challenge faced by the researcher at the process of the researcher’s investigation, which makes the work to be much slower and ineffective in the side of the researcher. Inconvenience by the researcher, in moving at random irrespective of his commitments is also one of the challenges faced.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
MANAGEMENT: Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees (or of volunteers) to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural, technological, and human resources.
PRODUCTIVITY: Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production. A productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of output to inputs used in a production process, i.e. output per unit of input
ORGANIZATION: An organization or organization is an entity comprising multiple people, such as an institution or an association that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment
1.9 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study